Division of Pulmonary Diseases, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy of China and Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
* These authors are equal contributors and co-first authors to this paper.
Background: The -159C/T polymorphism in the CD14 gene has been implicated in susceptibility to tuberculosis, but the results were inconclusive. The present meta-analysis aimed to perform a comprehensive assessment of the literature on the possible association between the -159C/T polymorphism and tuberculosis risk.
Methods: We searched in Pubmed and Embase for studies evaluating the association between the -159C/T gene polymorphism and tuberculosis risk. Data were extracted and statistical analysis was performed using Revman 5.1 and STATA 12.0 software.
Results: A total of seven case-control studies involving 3253 subjects (1,574 tuberculosis cases and 1,679 controls) were included. Combined analysis revealed an obvious association between this polymorphism and tuberculosis risk (odds ratio=1.66 and 95% confidence interval: 1.23-2.25, P<0.05 for TT vs. TC+ CC). Sub-group analysis by ethnicity suggested that the risk of tuberculosis associated with the -159C/T polymorphism was significantly elevated among Asians (odds ratio=1.87 and 95% confidence interval: 1.58-2.21, P<0.05 for TT vs. TC+ CC).
Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggests that the -159C/T polymorphism in the CD14 gene contributes to tuberculosis susceptibility. To further investigate gene-gene and gene-environment interactions between this polymorphism and tuberculosis risk, more studies are needed.
Keywords: Tuberculosis, CD14, Polymorphism, Meta-analysis.