1. Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ohu University, 31-1 Misumido, Tomitamachi-Aza, Koriyama, Fukushima 963-8611, Japan.
2. Department of Pharmacy, Ohu University Hospital, 31-1 Misumido, Tomitamachi-aza, Koriyama, Fukushima 963-8611, Japan.
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) due to pathogenic microorganisms pose a major threat to patients requiring parenteral nutrition (PN). Additives contained in medicines and foods have antiproliferative and bacteriostatic effects on pathogenic microorganisms. Therefore, PN solutions containing additives may also have an antibacterial effect. However, so far, there have been no reports on or observations of a PN solution with bactericidal activity. In this study, we assessed several nutrition solutions with antimicrobial activities and investigated their effects on pathogenic microorganisms colonizing catheter lumens. We selected the highly acidic Plas-Amino® (PA), which contains a large amount of sodium bisulfite as a preservative and potentially has an antimicrobial effect. In this study, we used the following pathogenic bacteria as the main causatives of CRBSIs: Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus cereus, Serratia marcescens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans. We then created a catheter lumen microorganism contamination model and evaluated the antibacterial effect of PA; we found that all bacteria in the control group grew significantly in the catheter lumen in a time-dependent manner at 48 and 72 h. On the other hand, we demonstrated that PA has bactericidal effects on S. aureus, S. epidermidis, B. cereus, S. marcescens, and P. aeruginosa in the catheter lumen and confirmed that it has a remarkable antiproliferative effect on C. albicans. Hence, we concluded that highly acidic PN solutions that contain a preservative like sodium bisulfite have bactericidal and growth inhibition effects on microorganisms in the catheter lumens of patients with CRBSIs and patients with totally implantable central venous access devices, in whom it is difficult to remove the catheter.
Keywords: parenteral nutrition, sodium bisulfite, bactericidal action, microbial growth inhibition, catheter-related bloodstream infection