Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(2):528-533. doi:10.7150/ijms.50966 This issue
1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China.
2. Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai, China.
Background: To analyze the prevalence proportions and prognostic factors of synchronous distant metastases in patients with tonsil squamous cell carcinomas (TSCC).
Methods: TSCC patients were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database between 2010 and 2014. We examined the association between clinical manifestations and distant metastases using Chi-squared tests. Predictors of 5-year survival were assessed using univariate and multivariate analyses.
Results: A total of 6193 patients were analyzed and lung was the most common site of distant metastases. Poorly/undifferentiated differentiation was found to be significantly correlated with lung metastasis (p=0.033) and liver and bone metastases were associated with African American (p=0.000 and p=0.000, respectively). A higher T classification was associated with higher prevalence of lung, liver, bone and brain metastasis (p=0.000, p=0.000, p=0.000 and p=0.007, respectively). The same results were found in N classification in lung, liver, and bone metastasis (p=0.000, p=0.000, and p=0.000, respectively). Worse prognosis was associated with older age, Blacks, lower grade, higher T and N classification, no surgery therapy and more metastatic sites.
Conclusion: Lung was the most frequent lesion of synchronous distant metastases and liver and bone metastases were associated with African American. Higher T and N classification were independent prognostic parameters for higher prevalence of lung, bone, liver and brain metastasis. Worse prognosis was associated with older age, African Americans, lower grade, higher T and N classification, no surgery therapy and more metastatic sites.
Keywords: synchronous distant metastases, tonsil squamous cell carcinomas, metastatic pattern, prevalence, prognosis