Int J Med Sci 2022; 19(2):267-273. doi:10.7150/ijms.68394 This issue

Research Paper

Long-term outcomes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with T1-2 stage in intensity-modulated radiotherapy era

Xiaoshuang Niu1,2,3, Fen Xue1,2,3, Peiyao Liu1,2,3, Chaosu Hu1,2,3, Xiayun He1,2,3✉

1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200032, China
2. Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
3. Shanghai Key Laboratory of Radiation Oncology, Shanghai 200032, China

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Citation:
Niu X, Xue F, Liu P, Hu C, He X. Long-term outcomes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with T1-2 stage in intensity-modulated radiotherapy era. Int J Med Sci 2022; 19(2):267-273. doi:10.7150/ijms.68394. Available from https://www.medsci.org/v19p0267.htm

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Abstract

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Objectives: To evaluate long-term outcomes and late toxicities of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients with T1-2N0-3M0 stage in intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) era.

Materials and Methods: From June 2005 to October 2013, 276 patients confirmed T1-2N0-3M0 NPC treated with IMRT were reviewed, with 143 (51.8%) N0-1 disease and 133 (48.2%) N2‐3 disease. Among them, 76.4% received chemotherapy. The prescribed doses given to the primary tumor and lymph nodes were 66Gy in 30 fractions.

Results: After a median follow-up of 103 months, the 5-year and 10-year overall survival (OS) were 90.6% and 79.2%. The 5-year and 10-year local control (LC) rate, regional control (RC) rate and distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) were 97.0% and 91.9%, 94.1% and 92.2%, 89.4% and 87.0%, respectively. The 5-year and 10-year OS, RC rate and DMFS of N0-1 compared with those of N2-3 were 98.6% vs. 82.0% and 86.8% vs. 70.9% (P=0.000), 99.3% vs. 88.3% and 99.3% vs. 84.1% (P=0.000), 97.9% vs. 80.1% and 95.7% vs. 77.5% (P=0.000). The incidence of 3-4 late toxicities were low and mainly xerostomia and hearing deficit. The rates of radiation-induced cranial nerve palsy and temporal necrosis were 2.5% and 2.5%, respectively. Eighteen patients had the second primary tumor, of whom eight were lung cancer, six were head and neck cancer, four were others.

Conclusions: Satisfactory locoregional control was achieved in T1‐2N0-3M0 NPC treated with IMRT. Distant metastasis was the main failure cause and N2-3 was the main adverse prognostic factor. Second primary tumor occurred 6.5% and negatively impacted OS in NPC.

Keywords: nasopharyngeal carcinoma, T1-2, long-term outcomes, intensity-modulated radiotherapy