Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(6):1348-1355. doi:10.7150/ijms.52181 This issue

Research Paper

Association of Polymorphism rs1045411 in the HMGB1 Gene with Cancer Risk: Evidence from a Meta-analysis

Quansong Xia1, Pengzuo Tao1, Juan Xu2✉

1. Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650118, China.
2. Department of Internal Medicine, The People's Hospital of Guandu District, Kunming 650200, China.

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Xia Q, Tao P, Xu J. Association of Polymorphism rs1045411 in the HMGB1 Gene with Cancer Risk: Evidence from a Meta-analysis. Int J Med Sci 2021; 18(6):1348-1355. doi:10.7150/ijms.52181. Available from

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Graphic abstract

The high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) rs1045411 polymorphism has been demonstrated to be associated with cancer risk in some studies. However, the results regarding this topic are inconsistent. A meta-analysis was applied to elucidate the association between the HMGB1 rs1045411 polymorphism and cancer risk. Ten relevant studies were subjected to our analysis, and pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. In total, of 3,918 cases and 5,296 controls were included in this study. The pooled ORs were calculated using a random-effects or fixed-effects model according to the heterogeneity. The pooled results revealed that TT genotype was significantly related to increased cancer risk in the comparisons of TT vs. CC+TC (OR=1.35; 95% CI: 1.09-1.67; p=0.005). Though no statistical significance was achieved between HMGB1 rs1045411 polymorphism and cancer risk in other four genetic models (T vs. C: OR=1.08, 95% CI 0.90-1.30; TC vs. CC: OR=1.01, 95% CI 0.82-1.24; CC vs. TC+TT: OR=0.95, 95% CI 0.77-1.18; TT vs. CC: OR=1.42; 95% CI 0.98-2.05), a trend of increased risk could be drawn. In the subgroup analysis by type of malignancy and ethnicity, no obvious difference was found in the tumour risk regarding the HMGB1 rs1045411 polymorphism amongst the cancer types except for breast cancer (OR=1.94; 95% CI: 1.05-3.59; p=0.03) and hepatocellular carcinoma (OR=1.82; 95% CI: 1.15-2.88; p=0.01), while rs1045411 polymorphism was positively associated with risks of cancer amongst Hans (OR=1.37; 95% CI: 1.11-1.69; p=0.004) rather than Caucasians (OR=0.89; 95% CI: 0.26-3.02; p=0.01). These results suggest that the HMGB1 rs1045411 polymorphism might be associated with increased cancer risk.

Keywords: HMGB1, polymorphisms, meta-analysis