1. Department of Neurosurgery, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China.
2. Department of Neurology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, 130021, China.
*Co-first authors with equal contributions to this work.
Unlike its parietal, temporal, and occipital counterparts, the frontal lobe has a broad basal surface directly facing the anterior cranial fossa dura mater which could permit establishment of transdural collaterals (TDCs) with the frontal lobe. Studies on the TDCs from the anterior cranial fossa in moyamoya disease (MMD) are scarce and inadequately investigated. A retrospective study of 100 hemispheres in 50 patients who were diagnosed with MMD by catheter angiography between January 2015 and June 2019 was performed in our institution. TDCs through the anterior ethmoid artery (AEA) or posterior ethmoid artery (PEA) were divided into 3 types respectively based on their respective angioarchitecture. Furthermore, we also studied TDCs to the temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes and collaterals from the posterior circulation to the territory of the anterior cerebral artery. TDCs through the AEA and PEA were identified in 89 (89/100, 89%) and 73 (73/100, 73%) of the hemispheres. The vascularization state of the frontal lobe was good in 89 (89/100, 89%) hemispheres. Rete mirabile and TDCs through the PEA were statistically different among patients with different Suzuki stages. No statistical difference was noted in TDCs through the AEA, frontal TDCs from other sources, and the vascularization state of the frontal lobe with regard to different Suzuki stages. TDCs through the AEA and PEA at the anterior cranial fossa play a very important role in compensating the ischemic frontal lobe. The frontal lobe could be well compensated in most of the patients with TDCs at the anterior cranial fossa.
Keywords: Moyamoya disease, Anterior cranial fossa, Transdural collateral, Anterior ethmoid artery, Posterior ethmoid artery