Int J Med Sci 2020; 17(7):970-984. doi:10.7150/ijms.42078 This issue

Research Paper

Role of Artificial Intelligence in Kidney Disease

Qiongjing Yuan1#, Haixia Zhang1,2#, Tianci Deng1, Shumei Tang1, Xiangning Yuan1, Wenbin Tang1, Yanyun Xie1, Huipeng Ge1, Xiufen Wang1, Qiaoling Zhou1, Xiangcheng Xiao1✉

1. Department of Nephrology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 87 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China
2. Department of Nephrology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 1055 Sanxiang Road, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215000, China
#Equal contribution.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( See for full terms and conditions.
Yuan Q, Zhang H, Deng T, Tang S, Yuan X, Tang W, Xie Y, Ge H, Wang X, Zhou Q, Xiao X. Role of Artificial Intelligence in Kidney Disease. Int J Med Sci 2020; 17(7):970-984. doi:10.7150/ijms.42078. Available from

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Artificial intelligence (AI), as an advanced science technology, has been widely used in medical fields to promote medical development, mainly applied to early detections, disease diagnoses, and management. Owing to the huge number of patients, kidney disease remains a global health problem. Challenges remain in its diagnosis and treatment. AI could take individual conditions into account, produce suitable decisions and promise to make great strides in kidney disease management. Here, we review the current studies of AI applications in kidney disease in alerting systems, diagnostic assistance, guiding treatment and evaluating prognosis. Although the number of studies related to AI applications in kidney disease is small, the potential of AI in the management of kidney disease is well recognized by clinicians; AI will greatly enhance clinicians' capacity in their clinical practice in the future.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, kidney disease, Alerting systems, Diagnostic assistance, Guiding treatment, Evaluating prognosis