Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(8):796-801. doi:10.7150/ijms.25047 This issue
1. Department of Infectious Disease, Shengjing Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110022, China
2. The Sixth People's Hospital of Shenyang, Shenyang 110006, China
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nucleos(t)ide analogues, especially telbivudine (LdT) for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in women with high viremia.
Methods: We conducted a prospective, open-label, multicenter study of LdT for treating pregnant women having high viral loads of hepatitis B virus (HBV DNA>5 log10 IU/mL) but normal levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT). Maternal HBV DNA, HBV serologic status and ALT were measured at baseline, 4 weeks after therapy, before delivery, 4 weeks after delivery, and 12 weeks after delivery. Infant HBV serologic status and HBV DNA levels were measured at 7 months. We calculated the MTCT rate of LdT-treated and LdT-untreated groups and analyzed the efficacy and safety of LdT.
Results: Ninety-one women (the treatment group) were treated with LdT, and twenty-one patients (the observation group) did not undergo antiviral therapy. The baseline HBV DNA levels were 8.15±0.82 log10 IU/mL in the treatment group, and 8.09±1.04 log10 IU/mL in the observation group. The MTCT rate was 0% in the treatment group, and 9.5% in the observation group (p=0.042). In the treatment group, HBV DNA levels were 5.02±0.74 log10 IU/mL at one month after therapy, and 3.95±0.94 log10 IU/mL before delivery. Both groups had significant differences from baseline levels in HBV DNA levels (p<0.001). In total, five patients had elevated ALT levels but without evidence of decompensate liver function. No severe adverse events or complications were observed in women or infants.
Conclusions: For pregnant women with HBV DNA greater than 5 log10IU/mL, LdT therapy was effective in reducing HBV MTCT. If serum HBV DNA was detectable at delivery, discontinuation of LdT immediately was found to be safe and rarely induced off-treatment hepatitis flare.
Keywords: HBV, chronic hepatitis B, pregnancy, mother-to-child-transmission, antiviral therapy, nucleos(t)ide analogues, telbivudine