Int J Med Sci 2016; 13(8):611-619. doi:10.7150/ijms.15374 This issue
1. Central Laboratory of Yong-chuan Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 402160, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medical Diagnostics, Ministry of Education, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China.
Nuclear localization signal retinoic acid receptor alpha(NLS-RARα), which forms from the cleavage of promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha(PML-RARα) protein by neutrophil elastase(NE), possesses an important role in the occurrence and development of acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL). However, the potential mechanism underlying the effects of NLS-RARα on APL is still not entirely clear. Here, we investigated the effects of NLS-RARα on APL NB4 cells and its mechanism. We found that all-trans retinoic acid(ATRA) could promote differentiation while inhibit proliferation of APL NB4 cells via upregulating the expression of phosphorylated p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase(p-p38α MAPK). We also found that NLS-RARα could inhibit differentiation while accelerate proliferation of NB4 cells via downregulating the expression of p-p38α protein in the presence of ATRA. Furthermore, immunofluorescence and co-immunoprecipitation assays confirmed NLS-RARα interacted with p38α protein directly. Finally, application of PD169316, an inhibitor of p38α protein, suggested that recruitment p38α-combinded NLS-RARα by ATRA eventually caused activation of p38α protein. In summary, our study demonstrated that ATRA cound promote differentiation while inhibit proliferation of APL NB4 cells via activating p38α protein after recruiting p38α-combinded NLS-RARα, while NLS-RARα could inhibit the effects of ATRA in the process.
Keywords: acute promyelocytic leukemia, NB4 cells, all-trans retinoic acid, nuclear localization signal retinoic acid receptor alpha, p38α MAPK.