Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(1):14-19. doi:10.7150/ijms.9.14 This issue

Research Paper

Comparison of Laparoscopic and Laparotomic Surgery for the Treatment of Peritoneal Inclusion Cyst

Suk Woo Lee, Sung Jong Lee, Dong Gyu Jang, Joo Hee Yoon, Jang Heub Kim

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Medicine, Korea

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Lee SW, Lee SJ, Jang DG, Yoon JH, Kim JH. Comparison of Laparoscopic and Laparotomic Surgery for the Treatment of Peritoneal Inclusion Cyst. Int J Med Sci 2012; 9(1):14-19. doi:10.7150/ijms.9.14. Available from

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Objectives: Peritoneal inclusion cyst (PIC) is defined as a fluid-filled mesothelial-lined cysts of the pelvis and it is most frequently encountered in women of reproductive age. The treatment options are observation, hormonal management, imaging-guided aspiration, image-guided sclerotherapy and surgical excision. The objective of this study is to compare between the laparoscopic and laparotomic surgery for the treatment of PIC.

Methods: Thirty-five patients with laparoscopy and forty-eight patients with laparotomy were included in the study. We compared the perioperative and postoperative data, the complications and the recurrence between the two groups.

Results: There was a significantly reduced mean length of the hospital stay, estimated blood loss and complication rate in the laparoscopic group as compared to that of the laparotomic group (P=0.037, P=0.047 and P=0.037 respectively). There was also no statistical difference of recurrence rate between thelaparoscopic and laparotomic groups on the Cox proportional hazards model (p=0.209).

Conclusion: Our study showed that laparoscopy was superior to the laparotomy for the mean estimated blood loss, the mean length of the hospital stay and the complication rate except for the recurrence rate.

Keywords: Comparison, Laparoscopy. Peritoneal inclusion cyst