1. Department of Imaging, The First People's Hospital of LianYun Gang, Lianyungang City, Jiangsu Province, 222000, China
2. Institute of Biophotonics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
3. PhD Psychiatry & Neuroscience Clinic, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Objective: The brain network in panic disorder (PD) is still an intriguing issue for research. In this study, we hoped to investigate the role of DC (degree centrality) for the pathophysiology of PD, especially for the fear network.
Methods: We enrolled 60 patients with PD and 60 controls in the current study. The gender and age were matched for two groups. All participants received the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to survey the baseline brain activity. Then the DC values of all participants were using REST toolbox. We also compared the DC values between PD and controls. The statistical threshold was set as FDR (false discovery rate) < 0.05.
Results: The DC values were significantly lower in the right superior frontal gyrus of PD patients compared to controls (FDR < 0.05). In addition, a negative correlation between the DC values and panic severity was observed in the right superior frontal gyrus and left inferior frontal gyrus. However, there was no significant association between the DC values and illness duration.
Conclusion: The DC seemed significantly altered in the frontal lobe of PD patients. The role of the frontal lobe might be more emphasized in the pathophysiology research for PD.
Keywords: panic disorder, degree centrality, superior frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, alterations