1. Department of Radiotherapy, Oncology Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China, 710061;
2. Department of Chemotherapy, Oncology Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China, 710061;
3. Medical School, Xi'an Jiaotong University Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China, 710061
Background: Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is the most representative subtype of renal cancer. Immune infiltration was associated with the survival time of patients with tumors. C-C chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) can promote the malignant process of tumor and be related to infiltration immune cells in some cancers, but not reported in KIRC.
Methods: The expression profile and clinical data were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The correlation between the expression level of CCL5 and clinical features in KIRC was analyzed. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was utilized to explore the functions and pathways of CCL5 in KIRC. Then, the analysis between the survival and immune infiltration cells was carried out, as well as the non-parametric tests between the CCL5 expression and the ratios of immune infiltration cells.
Results: The correlations between the expression levels of CCL5 in KIRC and clinical features including survival time, pathological stage, grade, and status of the patient, have been identified. Meanwhile, GSEA analysis has shown relationships between the expression of CCL5 and immune pathways. The immune infiltrated cells were correlated with the prognosis of KIRC, especially regulatory T cells (Tregs), mast cells, and dendritic cells. And Tregs was associated with the CCL5 expression.
Conclusion: The increased expression of CCL5 is related to poor prognosis and clinical features. Meanwhile, CCL5 is related to Tregs ratios and CCL5 may act as a typical chemokine to recruit Tregs in KIRC. CCL5 could be used as a biomarker for the prognosis prediction and a potential therapeutic target for patients with KIRC.