Int J Med Sci 2018; 15(3):223-227. doi:10.7150/ijms.21748 This issue
Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang, Republic of Korea
Purpose: To investigate whether there is a difference between symptoms of floaters according to the type of ophthalmic viscosurgical devices(OVDs) used during phacoemulsification. Methods: A total of 112 eyes had undergone standard phacosurgery with the dispersive OVDs(Group1). Group2 comprised 117 eyes that underwent phacosurgery with the dispersive OVDs, but between continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and hydrodissection, some OVDs had been removed. Group3 included 120 eyes that had undergone phacosurgery with the cohesive OVDs. Results: 14 eyes (12.5%) of Group1 had new-onset floater after surgery whereas 6 eyes (5.13%) in Group2, and 7 eyes (5.83%) in Group3 at the day after and a week after surgery. This was significantly higher in Group1 than Group2 and Group3, respectively (p=0.047,0.049). Conclusion: Cataract surgery with dispersive OVD can predispose the eye to an increased floater symptom. Therefore, surgeons should consider release some OVDs during hydrodissection with dispersive viscoelastics and keep trying to avoid IOP surge during surgery.
Keywords: Cataract surgery, Floaters, Ophthalmic viscosurgical devices, Phacoemulsification, Viscoelastics