1. Departamento de Fisiología, Universitat de Valencia, Valencia, Spain;
2. Fundación de Investigación del Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia/INCLIVA, Valencia, Spain;
3. Unidad Central de Investigación. Facultad de Medicina, Universitat de Valencia, Valencia, Spain;
4. Microbial Ecology, Nutrition and Health Research Group, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology, National Research Council (IATA-CSIC), Valencia, Spain.
* These authors contributed equally to this work and share first authorship.
Aims. Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 improves metabolic and immunological altered functions in high fat fed mice, however little is known about the effects of potential probiotics on vascular reactivity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a potential probiotic strain, Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765, on vascular response in obese mice.
Methods. Aorta samples were obtained from mice, which were divided into three groups: a control group, receiving a standard diet; an obese group, receiving a high-fat diet; and an obese group receiving high-fat diet and a daily dose of B. pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 by oral gavage. Aortic rings were suspended in organ baths for isometric recording of tension. mRNA expression of eNOS was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction.
Results. Contractions induced by KCl, noradrenaline and thromboxane analogue were 33%, 30% and 45% lower respectively in aortic rings from obese mice. Bifidobacteria administration reversed this effect. eNOS inhibition increased the response to noradrenaline in the three groups with a significant lower magnitude in aortic rings from obese mice receiving bifidobacteria supplement. Acetylcholine caused a greater vasodilation in aorta from obese group (46±3% for control and 69±4% for obese group; p<0.05) and bifidobacteria reversed it (57±5%). Response to sodium nitroprusside was displaced 2.9 times to the left in a parallel manner in obese group. Relaxation to sodium nitroprusside remained unchanged in the bifidobacteria fed group. There was about five-fold decreased mRNA expression of eNOS in aortic segments from the group receiving bifidobacteria.
Conclusion. Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 restores the obesity-induced altered vascular function mainly by reducing nitric oxide release.
Keywords: Bifidobacterium, nitric oxide, obesity, vascular reactivity.