Int J Med Sci 2006; 3(2):41-46. doi:10.7150/ijms.3.41 This issue
Division of Gastroenterology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92868, USA
Hepatitis C virus remains a large health care burden to the world. Incidence rates across the world fluctuate and are difficult to calculate given the asymptomatic, often latent nature of the disease prior to clinical presentation. Prevalence rates across the world have changed as well with more countries aware of transfusion-related hepatitis C and more and more evidence supporting intravenous drug use as the leading risk factor of spread of the virus. This article reviews current hepatitis C virus prevalence and genotype data and examines the different risk factors associated with the virus.
Keywords: Epidemiology, hepatitis C virus, blood transfusions, intravenous drug use